the Criollo horse !
de Caballos Criollos (Argentina)
Summary of the characteristics
of the Criollo horse
Generally small in size, the
characteristics of the horse from the pampa demonstrate its ability
to adapt itself to the environment, a capacity which has ensured
the survival of the Criollo breed.
Coming from the Barb and Andalusian
horses imported by the spanish conquerers, he went back to the wild
before being used and raised by the Indiens from the pampa. He served
all the partisans in quest of their freedom : the Gauchos, the Indians
and the armies of the European settlers. Today, it's the peon's
horse for the work and the displacements.
The horse's name can vary from
a country to an other : Criollo in Argentina, Crioulo in Brazil,
Costeño or Morochuco in Peru, Corralero in Chile and Llanero in
Venezuela. As well, the horses' morphology of vary slightly according
to the characteristics of the original environment and the habits
of breeding . For instance, since several years some Chilean Corralero
reproducers, more robust and heavier than their Criollo cousins
from the East are imported by breeders from southern Brazil and
Uruguay. The Criollo horse lovers, more traditionalist from Argentina
and Uruguay are mostly reserved to an evolution of the official
Two magnificent Criollo stallions, Preferido
||South America; it is in Argentina that we
find the Criollo that most resembles the breed standard.
|Height at the withers
||13 3/4 to 15 ¼ hands (1.38 à 1.50 m). Maximum
of 1,52 m (15 ¼ hands) and minimum of 1,38 m (13 ¾ hands) for
mares and 1,40 (14 hands) for males.
||Medium, harmonious morphology and strong body.
||Thick, abundant mane and tail, often cut short
(mane and forelock almost shaved, tale cut right at the level
of the hock). Various colours (more than 100 counted) but the
breeders sometimes refuse those that are characteristic by a
partial or complete albinism. Certain colors include a dorsal
stripe, or darker rays over the legs.
||Strong character, independent, tenacious.
Saddle horse. Work with livestock, equestrian sports, trail
rides, long voyages.
||Resistant to diseases, capable of long distances,
||Rather short, broad forehead, profile rectilinear
or sometimes convex, streamlined nose and dilated nostrils,
alert eyes, small, pointed ears.
||Muscular and slightly rounded
under the mane, but sraight under the throat.
||Muscular front legs. Prominent
withers. Short and straight dorsal-lumbar line, large and strong
back and haunches. Rounded sides and flanks. Well-muscled, rounded
hind quarters of medium dimensions. Tail firmly attached.
||Long and sloped.
||Wide and deep.
||Rather short, solid, strong bone
structure, well developed and resistant joints, short hocks,
small, hard and preferentially black hooves.
Criollo mare with foal