home of the Crioulo breed is the south of Brazil, near the border
with Uruguay. They are raised in the Rio Grande do Sul region.
The Crioulo is a variety of
the Latin American creole breed, and like the other horses of the
continent, it is the product of a cross between African (mostly
Arabian) and European breeds.
For the Crioulo horse of Brazil,
the mixture of the two origins is balanced. It has inherited from
the Arabian its size, as it rarely passes 15 hands, its short, angular
head with a convex or straight profile, its short, well separated
ears, its rounded hindquarters and its active temperment. Its European
ancester has added an abundant mane, its small yet strong aspect,
and its tranquility.
In fact, its descendance from
the Barbe horse is quite evident.
Characteristics of the Crioulo breed
||Rio Grande do Sul,
|Height at the withers
|| 13 ¾ hands to 15
hands (1,38 to 1,50 m)
|| Middle length. Compact
body, strong legs and hindquarters.
|| All varieties
|| Calm and alert
|| Saddle horse, voyages,
long distance travelling, livestock work.
|| Short. Straight
profile, sometimes slightly convex or concave. Lower jaws well
defined. Large forehead, wide, short face.
|| Well attached, wide,
strong and muscular. Abundant mane.
|| Withers sometimes
promient, lumbar-dorsal line short and straight, strong, rounded
hindquarters, long tail attached high.
|| Sloped and muscular
|| Deep, large and
|| Solid and well structured,
short hocks. The hoof is black and resistant.